This article delves into the connection between flat feet and knee pain and offers practical solutions for addressing these problems through targeted exercises, orthotics, and selecting the right footwear. Moreover, we will explore the links from the ankle to the knee, knee to hip, lumbar region, and up to the shoulder and neck.
Flat feet, a widespread foot condition affecting millions globally, can lead to knee pain and functional problems. This issue arises when the foot's arches are lower than usual or nonexistent, causing the entire foot to touch the ground when standing. While some individuals with flat feet face no issues, others may experience knee pain, functional problems, and discomfort in other body parts.
The Link Between Flat Feet, Knee Pain, and the Musculoskeletal System
Flat feet can alter the biomechanics of the lower limbs, leading to excessive pronation or inward rolling of the feet. This can misalign the knees and hips, causing increased stress on the joints and surrounding structures. Over time, the additional pressure contributes to knee pain, functional difficulties, and other issues like shin splints, plantar fasciitis, and lower back pain.
The impact of flat feet doesn't stop at the knees. Misalignment and stress on the knees can further affect the hips and lumbar spine, causing imbalances in the pelvis and lower back. These imbalances can also travel up the spine, potentially affecting the shoulders and neck, contributing to pain and discomfort in these areas.
Effective Ways to Address Knee Pain and Whole-Body Alignment Caused by Flat Feet
Know we can better understand that flat feet can be overlooked as the cause of knee pain and functional issues in the lower limbs and torso, due to the foot and pronation altering the biomechanics of the lower limbs.
By incorporating the simple exercises to strengthen and stretch the feet and lower legs, using orthotics, and selecting appropriate footwear, individuals with flat feet can help reduce knee pain and improve overall function.
Always consult with a healthcare professional, such as a podiatrist or physical therapist, for personalised advice and recommendations.
This blog os co-authored by The ISA Team